Insect Pest Resistant Transgenic Crops

  • P. Ananda Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

Insect pests are the major scourge of agriculture down the ages. It is estimated that 14% of crop productivity is lost to insect pests on a global scale (Krattiger, 1997). Agronomically important crops and their high-yielding genotypes are highly susceptible to insect pests. Introduction of chemical pesticides has brought about a significant change in the pest management practices but, unfortunately, resulted in adverse effects on human health, other biological organisms and environment. Figure 1 depicts the amount of money spent annually on pesticides on the global scale. Although complete elimination of pesticides is neither feasible nor advisable, it is imperative to reduce drastically the consumption of pesticides in agriculture and environment for practising safe and sustainable farming. Effective alternatives are now available in the form of genetically engineered crops resistant to insect pests that can be integrated in agricultural ecosystems (Schuler et al., 1998). Many insecticidal proteins are available in nature which are highly specific to agronomically important insect pests but at the same time harmless to man, mammals and other organisms including beneficial insects. These proteins can be expressed in plant systems in sufficient quantities so as to confer insect resistance.

Keywords

Transgenic Plant Codon Usage Bacillus Thuringiensis Colorado Potato Beetle Insect Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Ananda Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Center for Plant BiotechnologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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