Meta-Analysis for Environment-Behavior and Design Research, Illuminated with a Study of Lighting Level Effects on Office Task Performance

  • Robert Gifford
  • Donald W. Hine
  • Jennifer A. Veitch
Part of the Advances in Environment, Behavior and Design book series (AEBD, volume 4)


The dream of improving environmental design by collecting and examining the results of independent studies is as old as the field of environment and behavior. In her study of playgrounds, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1969) asked: “[W]hy [are] so many expensive mistakes... made over and over again? One reason may be that there is no central body whose job it is to collect experience and research throughout the world, digest it, and make it readily available to architects and planners” (quoted in Sommer, 1972, p. 102). These and other authors have proposed a central repository for building designs, complemented with evaluations of the finished products. However, once these evaluation studies are collected, exactly how would they be combined or analyzed to determine what works and what does not? In other environment—behavior (EB) research areas, how might we quantitatively assess the outcome of any large or small series of studies on a given topic?


Hypothesis Test Adaptation Period Combine Probability Average Effect Size File Drawer 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Gifford
    • 1
  • Donald W. Hine
    • 1
  • Jennifer A. Veitch
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  2. 2.National Research Council of CanadaOttawaCanada

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