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Lifetime Measurements of Excited Nuclear Levels by Doppler-Shift Methods

  • T. K. Alexander
  • J. S. Forster

Abstract

The importance of lifetime measurements of nuclear levels has been recognized for a long time. The techniques employed to measure lifetimes, or absolute transition probabilities, are very simple conceptually but are ingeniously adapted to obtain sensitivity to the decay products and to cover an enormous time scale from 10−20 sec to many years. In this chapter, the techniques we discuss cover only a small fraction of this time scale, namely, ∼10−15−∼10−9 sec. Radiative lifetimes of excited nuclear levels in this range can be measured with some sensitivity and accuracy by the Doppler-shift methods, the recoil distance plunger method (RDM) and the Doppler-shift attenuation method (DSAM). It is an important range, particularly for obtaining information about the collective excitation modes of nuclei throughout the periodic table.

Keywords

Lifetime Measurement Nuclear Level Coulomb Excitation Backing Material Recoil Velocity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. K. Alexander
    • 1
  • J. S. Forster
    • 1
  1. 1.Chalk River Nuclear LaboratoriesAtomic Energy of Canada LimitedChalk RiverCanada

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