Thermodynamics of Phase Changes

  • David A. Lind
  • Scott P. Sanders


Reviewing the thermodynamics of the phase changes that occur in water, especially over curved phase boundaries, will help us appreciate the phenomena associated with the formation of snow in the atmosphere and the changes that occur in a snowpack [1].


Phase Change Internal Energy Supercooled Liquid Entropy Difference Phase Boundary Line 
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  1. 1.
    See S. C. Colbeck, “Introduction to the Basic Thermodynamics of Cold Capillary Systems,” CRREL Special Report No. 81–6 (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH, 1981), who treats the problems discussed here.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Lind
    • 1
  • Scott P. Sanders
    • 2
  1. 1.University of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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