Society, Religions and Information Technology

  • David J. Pullinger


THERE are hundreds of thousands of people engaged in the information technology (IT) field all over the world. Many of them are employed to develop new products or to write software. During the course of their work, they make choices at all levels: on the actual commands used to control the technology developed; on the results of errors, whether of machine or human origin (which may be large in the case of medical systems or those used to control nuclear power stations); on the general effect of the technology over time; and on its relationship with other similar products. In most cases these decisions are not momentous, there is no ‘soul-searching’. The worker simply gets on with his or her own work. It is possible for work to continue in this fashion because the majority of decisions are either made on people’s behalf or else the decisions are implicitly accepted as normal practice within the work context. It is, for example, implicitly accepted that most IT products designed should be controlled as far as possible by a single individual rather than by a group and that there is not a random choice of computer commands (even if the rationale behind the choice is not understood by others!). These types of decision tend to exist in every sphere of IT, even if they are not explicit.


Expert System Information Society Social Bond Symbol System Cultural Perspective 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

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  • David J. Pullinger

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