Electrical Characteristics of Interfaces. Electrical Double Layer and Zeta Potential

  • S. Ramachandra Rao


The importance of surface charges in establishing electrical characteristics of interfaces, particularly of the solid/liquid, liquid/gas, and liquid/liquid ones, has already been stressed in the opening paragraphs of Chapter 1. Whenever a new solid surface is formed in a gaseous or a liquid environinent, as, for example, during dry or wet grinding, it either becomes charged at the moment of rupture of ionic or covalent bonds or picks up a Charge by a subsequent adsorption of ions. Freshly cleaved solids remain uncharged only if the cleavage exclusively ruptures van der Waals bonds when the underlying lattice points are occupied by covalently bonded molecules and, in addition, there are in the System no mobile charges such as electrons, ions, or orientable dipoles.


Surface Charge Double Layer Zeta Potential Electrical Double Layer Electrical Characteristic 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Ramachandra Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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