Heterogeneous mixtures of finely subdivided solid phases frequently require an efficient technique for Separation of components. Separations of solids can be achieved, for appropriate particle sizes denoted by diameter d, by techniques exploiting the following physical and physicochemical characteristics:


Mineral Processing Sulfide Mineral Iron Sulfide Selective Separation Gangue Mineral 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


1.15.1. Flotation Theory

  1. Aleksandrovich, K. M. (1973), Phnciples of the Use of Reagents During Flotation of Potassium Ores (in Russian), Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, Belomss. SSR.Google Scholar
  2. Aleksandrovich, K. M. (1975), Flotation of Water-Soluble Salts (in Russian), Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  3. Aplan, F. F. (1966), Flotation, in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Vol. 9, 2nd ed. Wiley-Interscience, New York, pp. 380–398.Google Scholar
  4. Aplan, F. F., and Fuerstenau, D. W. (1962), Principles of Nonmetallic Mineral Flotation, in Froth Flotation-50th Anniversary Volume. D. W. Fuerstenau, ed., AIME, New York, pp. 170–214.Google Scholar
  5. Beloglazov, K. F. (1956), Basic Rules ofthe Flotation Process (in Russian), Rep. Leningr. Min. Institute, Metallurgizdat, Moscow.Google Scholar
  6. Belov, V. N., and Sokolov, A. F. (1971), Extraction and Processing of Potassium Salts (in Russian), Khimiya, Leningrad.Google Scholar
  7. Blazy, P. (1970), La Valohsaiion des Minerals, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, Chaps. V-VIII, pp. 233–333.Google Scholar
  8. Bogdanov, O. S. (1959), Problems in the Theory and Technology of Flotation (in Russian), Issue No. 124, Mekhanobr, Leningrad.Google Scholar
  9. Castro, S., and Alvarez, J., eds. (1977), Avances en Flotacion (Advances in Flotation): Vol. 3, Universidad de Concepcion, Chile.Google Scholar
  10. Clarke, A. N. and Wilson, D. J. (1983), Foam Flotation, Marcel Dekker, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Cooke, S. R. B. (1950), Flotation, in Advances in Colloid Science, Vol. 3, H. Mark and G. J. W. Verwey, eds., Wiley-Interscience, New York, pp. 321–374.Google Scholar
  12. Eigeles, M. A. (1950), Theoretical Basis for the Flotation of Non-Sulfide Minerals (in Russian), Metallurgizdat, Moscow.Google Scholar
  13. Eigeles, M. A. (1952), Concentration of Non-Metallic Minerals (in Russian), Promstroizdat, Moscow.Google Scholar
  14. Felstead, J. E. (1956), Flotation, in Chemical Engineering Practice, H. W. Cremer and T. Davies, eds., Academic Press, New York, pp. 209–247.Google Scholar
  15. Fuerstenau, D. W. ed. (1962), Froth Flotation. 5 Oth Anniversary Volume, AJME, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Fuerstenau, D. W., and Healy, T. W. (1972), Principles of mineral flotation, in Adsorptive Bubble Separation Techniques, R. Lemlich, ed.. Academic Press, New York, pp. 91–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gaudin, A. M. (1957), Flotation, McGraw-Hill. New York.Google Scholar
  18. Glembotsky, V. A. (1972), Physical Chemistry of Flotation Processes (in Russian), Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  19. Glembotsky, V. A, and Bechtle. G. A. (1964). Flotation oflron Ores (in Russian), Nedra, Moscow.Google Scholar
  20. Glembotsky, V. A, and Klassen, V. I. (1973), Flotatsya (in Russian), Nedra, Moscow.Google Scholar
  21. Glembotsky, V. A, Klassen. V. I. and Plaksin. I. N. (1961). Flotatsya [trans. by R. E. Hammond, Flotation (1963)], Primary Sources, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Glembotsky, V. A., Dmitrieva, G. N., Sorokin, M. M. (1970), Flotation Agents and Effects (trans. from the 1968 Russian ed., Nauka, Moscovv), Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  23. Glembotsky, V. A., Popov, E. L., and Solozhenkin, P. M. (1972), Flotation of Alkaline Earths Metal Sulfates and Garbonates (in Russian), Dushanbe, Tadzh. SSR.Google Scholar
  24. Glembotsky, V. A., Sokolov, E. S., and Solozhenkin, P. M. (1972), Beneficiation of Bismuth-Containing Ores (in Russian), Dushanbe, Tadzh. SSR.Google Scholar
  25. Gould, R. F. ed. (1966), Goal Science, Am. Cheni. Soc, Washington.Google Scholar
  26. Houot, R., Joussemot, R. and Brouard, R. (1985), Selective flotation of phosphatic ores, Int. J. Mineral Process. 14, 245–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Joy, A. S., and Robinson, A. J. (1964), Flotation, in Recent Progress in Surface Science, Vol. 2, J. F. Danielli, K. G. A. Pankhurst, and A. C. Riddiford, eds., Academic Press, New York, pp. 169–260.Google Scholar
  28. Karaseva, T. P., Gershenkop, A. S., and Sychuk, V. F. (1972), Beneficiation of Vermiculite Ores (in Russian), Nauka, Leningrad.Google Scholar
  29. Kelly, E. G. and Spottiswood. D. J. (1982). Introduction to Mineral Processing, John Wiley, New York, Chapterlö.Google Scholar
  30. Klassen, V. I, ed. (1956), Flotatsiormye Reaganty i ikh Svoistva (Flotation Reagents and Their Properties), Izdatel. Akad. Nauk, USSR, Moscow.Google Scholar
  31. Klassen, V. I. (1963), Flotatsya Ugley (Flotation of Goals), Gosgortechizdat Moscow.Google Scholar
  32. Klassen, V. I., and Mokrousov, V. A. (1963). Introduction to the Theory of Flotation (trans. from the Russian 1959 ed.), Butlerworths. London.Google Scholar
  33. Laskowski, J. (1969), Physical Ghemistry in Mineral Processing Technology (in Polish), Slask, Katowice, Poland.Google Scholar
  34. Laskowski, J. (1994), Flotation of potash ores, in Reagents for Better Metallurgy, ed. P. S. Mulukutla, Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, Littleton, CO, pp. 225–244.Google Scholar
  35. Laskowski, J. (2001), Goal Flotation and Fine Goal Utilization, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  36. Laskowski, J., and Lekki, J., eds. (1976), Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing No. 10 (No. 1 in 1967) (in Polish), Wroclaw, Poland.Google Scholar
  37. Lemlich, R., ed. (1972), Adsorptive Bubble Separation Techniques, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  38. Manser, R. M. (1975), Handbook of Silicate Flotation, Warren Spring Laboratory, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, England.Google Scholar
  39. Mitrofanov, S. I., (1967), Selectivnaya Flotatsya (Selective Flotation), Nedra, Moscow.Google Scholar
  40. Mitrofanov, S. I., ed. (1970), Gombination Treatment Methods for Oxidized and Mixed Gopper Ores (in Russian), Nedra, Moscovv.Google Scholar
  41. Plaksin, I. N., and Myasnikova, G. A. (1974). Investigations of Flotation Properties of Tungsten Minerals (in Russian), Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  42. Plaksin, I. N., and Solnyshkin, V. I. (1966), Infrared Spectroscopy of Surface Layers of Reagents on Minerals (in Russian), Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  43. Pryor, E. J. (1965), Mineral Processing, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 457–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Razumov, K. A. (1975), Flotatsjonnyj Metod Obogashchenia (Flotation Goncentration Method), Publ. L. G. I., Leningrad.Google Scholar
  45. Sebba, F. (1962), Ion Flotation, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  46. Somasundaran, P. (1972), Foam Separation methods, Separation andPurification Methods 1, 117–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sutherland, K. L., and Wark, I. W. (1955), Principles of Flotation, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Melbourne.Google Scholar
  48. Taggart, A. F. (1951), Elements of Ore Dressing, John Wiley, New York, Chap. 13-18, pp. 234–333.Google Scholar
  49. Troitsky, A V. (1956), Die Flotation: Aufbereitung der Erze im Nassverfahren (trans. from the Russian), M. Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  50. Whelan, P. F. (1956), Froth flotation-A half Century review. Ind. Ghem. 32, 315–318. 409-411, 489-491.Google Scholar
  51. Wills, B. A. (1997), Minerai'Processing Technology. Butterworths, Oxfprd, Chapter 12Google Scholar
  52. Yarar, B. and Rao, S. R. (1986), Froth Flotation, in Encyclopedia ofGhemical Processing and Design, ed. J. McKetta, Marcel Dekker, New York, vol. 23, pp. 454–508.Google Scholar
  53. Zhelnin, A A. (1973), Theoretical Principles and Practice of Flotation of Potassium Salts (in Russian), Khimiya, Leningrad.Google Scholar

1.15.2. Flotation Practice

  1. CIM-Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Montreal, Canada (1957), The Milling of Canadiern Ores (6th Commonwealth Mining and Metallurgical Congress), Montreal.Google Scholar
  2. CIM (1974), Mineral Industries in Western Canada (10th Commonwealth Mining and Metallurgical Congress, Sept. 1974), Montreal.Google Scholar
  3. CIM Special Volume 49 (2000), Canadian Milling Practice.Google Scholar
  4. Crabtree, E. H. and Vincent, J. D. (1962), Historical outline of major flotation developments, in Froth Flotation 5 th Anniversary, ed. D. W. Fuerstenau, AIME, New York, pp. 39–54.Google Scholar
  5. Fuerstenau, M. C, ed. (1976), Flotation-A. M. Gaudin Memorial Volume, Vol. 2, Plant Practice, AIME, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Gründer, W., ed. (1955), Erzaufbereitungsanlagen Westdeutschland (III International Mineral Processing Congress, Goslar), Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  7. Guimares, R. C. and Peres, A. E. C. (1997), Barite Separation from phosphatic ore, in Proc. XXInt. Mineral processing Congr., eds. H. Hoberg and H. Von Blottnitz, vol. 3, pp. 627–636.Google Scholar
  8. Hanna, H. S., and Somasundaran, P. (1976), Flotation of salt-type minerals, in Flotation, Vol. I, ed. M. C. Fuerstenau, AIME, New York, pp. 197–27200.Google Scholar
  9. Leonard, J. W. and Mitchell, D. R., eds. (1968), Coal Preparation, AIME, New York, pp.10-66 to 10-90.Google Scholar
  10. Lynch, A. J. (1977), Mineral Crushing and Grinding Circuits, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  11. Malinowskii, V. A, Matveenko, N. V., Kraus, O. M., Uvarov, Y. P., Teterina, N. N. and Boiko, N. N. (1974), Technology oflroth Separation and its industrial application, Proc. X Int. Mineral Process. Congress, ed. M. J. Jones, Inst. Mining & Metallurgy, London, p. 717.Google Scholar
  12. Mitrofanov, S. I. (1967), Differential Flotation, Ncdra. Moscow.Google Scholar
  13. Pickett, D. E. and Smith, G. (1978), Milling Practice in Canada, Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Montreal.Google Scholar
  14. Rabone, P. (1957), Flotation Plant Practice, 4th ed., Mining Publications, London.Google Scholar
  15. Rausch, D. O., and Mariacher, B. C. (1970), AIME World Symposium on Mining and Metallurgy of Lead and Zinc, Vol. 1 (20 papers on llotation), AIME, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Redeker, I. H. and Bentzen, E. H. (1986), Plant and laboratory practice in nonmetallic flotation, in Chemical Reagents in the Mineral Processing Industry, eds. D. Malhotra and W. F. Riggs, Society of Mining Engineers, Littleton. CO, pp. 3–20.Google Scholar

1.15.3. Coluinn Flotation

  1. Dobby, G. S. and Finch, J. A. (1991), Column llotation: s selected review, Minerals Eng. 4, 911–923.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Finch, J. A. and Dobby, G. S. (1990), Column Flotation. Pergamon Press, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Finch, J. A and Dobby, G. S. (1991), Colunin tlotation: a selected review, Int. J. Mineral Process. 33, 343–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Finch, J. A, Uribe-salas, A. and Xu, M. (11995). Column llotation, in Flotation Science and Engineering, ed. K. A Matis, Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 291–330.Google Scholar
  5. Finch, J. A. (1995), Column llotation-novel tlotation devices, Minerals Eng. 8, 587–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Rubinstein, J. B. (1994), Column Flotation. Process, Design and Practices, Gordon and Breach, Amsterdam.Google Scholar

1.15.4. Reagents

  1. Bogdanov, O. S. (1965) Studies of flotation reagents and their action (in Russian) Issue N. 135, Mekhanobr, St. Peterburg.Google Scholar
  2. Meltzer, Y. L. (1979), Water-Soluble Polymers, Noyes Data Corp., Park Ridge, NJ.Google Scholar
  3. Rao, S. R. (1971), Xanthates and Related Compounds, Marcel Dekker, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Solnyshkin, V. I. (ed.), Flotation Agents and their Effects. Engl. Translation by C. Nisenbaum (1970) Israel program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  5. Somasundaran, P. and Moudgil, B. M.. eds. (1988), Reagents in Mineral Technology, Marcel Dekker, New York.Google Scholar

1.15.5. Mineralogy and Microscopy

  1. Freund, H. ed. (1966), Applied OreMicroscopy, Collier-MacMillan, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Heinrich, E. Wm. (1965), Microscopic Identification of Minerals, McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Hiemstra, S. A. (1969), Photomicrography, Mineral Sci. Eng. 1, 34–50.Google Scholar
  4. Jones, M. P. and Fleming, M. G. (1965), Identification of Mineral Grains, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  5. Petruk, W. (2000), Applied Mineralogy in the Mining Industry, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  6. Ramdohr, P. (1969), The Ore Minerals and Their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Schouten, C. (1962), Determination Tablesfor Ore Microscopy, Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Uytenbogaardt, W. (1968), Tables for Microscopic Identification of Ore Minerals, Hafner Publishing Co., New York.Google Scholar

1.15.6. Instrumentation and Computer Control

  1. Harris, M. C, Runge, K. C, Whiten, W. J. and Morrison, R. D. (2002), JK Sim Float as a practical tool For flotation process design and optimization, in Mineral Processing Plant Design, Practice and Control, eds. A. L. Mular, D. N. Halbe and D. J. Barrett. Society for Mining, Metals and Exploration, Littleton, CO.Google Scholar
  2. King, R. P. (1976), The use of Simulation in the design and modification of flotation plants, in Flotation, vol. 2, ed. M. C. Fuerstenau, AIME, New York.Google Scholar
  3. King, R. P. (2001), Modeling and Simulation of Mineral processing Systems, Butterworh-Heinemann, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  4. Mular, A. L. and Bhappu, R. B. (1978), Mineral Processing, Plant Design And Practice, AIME, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Smith, H. W. (1976), Computer control in flotation plants, in Flotation, vol. 2, ed. M. C. Fuerstenau, AIME, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Whiteside, J. A. C, ed. (1974), Instrumentation in Mining and Metallurgwal Industries, ISA Publ. Pittsburgh.Google Scholar

1.15.7. Hydrodynamics

  1. Clift, R., Grace, J. R. and Weber, M. E. (1978), Bubbles, Drops and Particles, Academic press, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Jameson, G. J. (1984). Physics and hydrodynamics of bubbles, in The Scientific Basis of Flotation, K. J. Ives ed., Martinus Nijhoff Publisher, Boston, p. 53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Levich, V. G. (1962), Physicochemical Hydrodynamics. Prentice-Hall. Engelwood. Clifts.Google Scholar
  4. Schulze, H. J. (1984), Physoco-chemical Elementary Processes in Flotation, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar

1.15.8. Refercnce Handhooks

  1. Thomas, R., ed. (1977), E/MJ Operating Handbook of Mineral Processing, McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Weiss, N. L., editor (1985), SME Mineral Processing Handbook, AIME, NewYork, Section 5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Ramachandra Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations