Impact of Unfortified Human Milk Feeding on Weight Gain and Mineral Status of Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants after Discharge from a Kangaroo Mother Care Unit

  • G. Kirsten
  • J. van Zyl
  • C. Kirsten
  • E. Thompson
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 554)

Abstract

Kangaroo mother care (KMC) and human milk feeding have significantly improved the neonatal survival of very- low-birth-weight infants in developing countries (Lincetto et al. 2000). These infants are discharged at low weights (1,800 g) and receiving only human milk, a multivitamin, and iron syrup. There is concern regarding the long-term effects of feeding these infants unfortified human milk. We hypothesized that the low caloric and low phosphorous content of human milk will result in hypophosphatemia and poor weight gain after discharge. The aim of our study was to determine the milk feeding pattern, weight gain, and calcium and phosphorous levels at 6 and 12 weeks corrected age of infants with birth weights > 1,600 g who received intermittent KMC and whose mothers actively were encouraged to breastfeed during the hospitalization period.

Keywords

Human Milk Exclusive Breastfeed Phosphorous Level Alkaline Phosphatase Level Kangaroo Mother Care 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. James JR, Congdon PJ, Truscott J, Horsman A, Arthur R. Osteopenia of prematurity. Arch Dis Child 1986;61:871–876.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Lincetto O, Nazir AI, Cattaneo A. Kangaroo mother care with limited resources. J Trop Pediatr 2000;46:293–295.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Kirsten
    • 1
  • J. van Zyl
    • 1
  • C. Kirsten
    • 1
  • E. Thompson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PaediatricsTygerberg Hospital and the University of StellenboschCape TownSouth Africa

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