Sedimentation and plate tectonics

  • Andrew D. Miall

Abstract

Until the 1960s sedimentary basins were explained and categorized in terms of geosynclinal theory (Dott, 1974, 1978; Mitchell and Reading, 1978). Such classic books as those by Kay (1951), Krumbein and Sloss (1963), and Aubouin (1965) had a profound impact on geologists and formed the basis for all large—scale interpretations. However, we can now see that these and other studies, although meticulously descriptive, could not ultimately explain why or how most basins formed or why there were recurrent structural styles or lithofacies assemblages. With the development of plate tectonics, much has become clear. The kinematics of modern plate movements have been documented in some detail and have provided geologists and geophysicists with a reliable data bank from which to build and constrain models of deep lithospheric behavior.

Keywords

Continental Margin Oceanic Crust Plate Tectonic Foreland Basin Backarc Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew D. Miall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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