Burial history

  • Andrew D. Miall


The quantification of the amount and rate of basin subsidence is a vital part of basin analysis. Geophysicists are finding that certain subsidence styles are characteristic of particular tectonic settings, and are using these data to develop quantitative models of subsidence mechanisms. The details of basin subsidence may provide important information on the tectonic history of an area, yielding useful comparisons with the orogenic or igneous history of adjacent deformed belts. Most important of all from the economic perspective, the burial history of a basin is the primary control on the thermal history of its contained sediments. The generation and migration of oil and gas, and the rank of coal, are directly dependent on the temperatures achieved in the host sediments and the time over which these temperatures were maintained.


Vitrinite Reflectance Coal Rank Basin Subsidence Burial History Subsidence Curve 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew D. Miall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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