Classification Principles: Metamorphic Facies versus Metamorphic Grade

  • Helmut G. F. Winkler
Part of the Springer Study Edition book series (SSE)


It was a milestone in the understanding of metamorphic petrology when Eskola (1915) published his concept of metamorphic facies with the intention of replacing the earlier Becke (1913) and Grubenmann (1910) concepts of mnetamorphic depth zones. Nevertheless, this concept of depth zones was elaborated and slightly modified by Grubenmann and Niggli (1924) and remained in use for decades. In the depth zone classification the physical factors of temperature, hydrostatic pressure, and directed pressure (stress) were believed to be strictly correlated in the manner demonstrated in Table 6–1.


Metamorphic Rock Mineral Assemblage Depth Zone Greenschist Facies Amphibolite Facies 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmut G. F. Winkler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Mineralogy and PetrologyUniversity of GöttingenFederal Republic of Germany

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