From Diagenesis to Metamorphism

  • Helmut G. F. Winkler
Part of the Springer Study Edition book series (SSE)


The Glossary of Geology (1960) gives the following definition for diagenesis: “Those changes of various kinds occurring in sediments between the time of deposition and the time at which complete lithification takes place. The changes may be due to bacterial action, digestive processes of organisms, to solution and redisposition by permeating water, or to chemical replacement.” Compaction and consequently reduction in pore space may be added. The change from loose sand or lime ooze to sandstone or limestone, respectively, is diagenetic, as is cementation or replacement by CaCO3 or SiO2, formation of sulfides in sediments and of silicates, such as glauconite, analcime NaAlSi2O6 • H2O, heulandite CaAl2Si7O18 • 6 H2O, or its silica-rich variety called clinoptilolite. To these and other diagenetic changes, Correns (1968) further adds the formation of feldspars, mainly orthoclase but also albite and sometimes even oligoclase, in limestones and sandstones. Diagenetic formation of chlorite in clays, shales, and mudstones is also known, and Frey (1969, 1970) has deduced the following reaction for the formation of aluminum-rich chlorite: disordered mixed-layer illite/montmorillonite -→ Al-rich chlorite + illite + quartz + H2O


Pore Space Metamorphic Rock Mineral Assemblage Organic Geochemistry Loose Sand 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmut G. F. Winkler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Mineralogy and PetrologyUniversity of GöttingenFederal Republic of Germany

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