Metamorphism of Marls

  • Helmut G. F. Winkler
Part of the Springer Study Edition book series (SSE)


Marls constitute a group of sedimentary rocks with a very large range of composition. The clay constituents, predominantly dioctahedral micas (illite, phengite, muscovite), kaolinite, chlorite, and quartz, are mixed with calcite and/or dolomite in varying proportions. The chemical composition of such rocks can be expressed only by a very complex system: K2O-CaO-Al2O3-MgO-FeO-SiO2-CO2-H2O, and commonly Na2O. The approach to an understanding of such a complex system involves the study of simpler subsystems. The system CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-CO2-H2O has been investigated in some detail.


Mineral Assemblage Greenschist Facies Plagioclase Composition Pelitic Rock Anorthite Content 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmut G. F. Winkler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Mineralogy and PetrologyUniversity of GöttingenFederal Republic of Germany

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