Cerebral Retraction

  • Anthony J. Raimondi


Approximately 1300 years passed between the time that Galen first described the cerebral cisterns, concluding that they represented an interval between the pachymeninges and the leptomeninges, and the time Varoli first described the arachnoid membrane. Another 100 years were to pass before this membrane was named (Vesalius, ca 1670) and another 145 years before Cotugno (ca 1815) discovered the cerebral spinal fluid and identified the subarachnoid spaces. Magendie in 1827,1 described cerebral cisterns, which he called confluents. The identification of subdural spaces, however, was not made until Key and Retzius2 published their work in 1875.


Parietal Lobe Superior Sagittal Sinus Olfactory Nerve Sylvian Fissure Cortical Vein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

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  • Anthony J. Raimondi

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