Legal Considerations

  • Kurt Benirschke
  • Peter Kaufmann


There continues to be a significant number of litigations against hospitals and obstetricians in which the placenta becomes an important participant in advising the disputing parties on prenatal circumstances. This litigation is initiated most often on behalf of children with cerebral palsy and occasionally with malformations, stillbirth, or other less than optimal or expected outcome (Rosenblatt & Hurst, 1989; Richards & Thomasson, 1992). Record-keeping of the clinical circumstances and a professional placental study prove to be of utmost importance in many cases. Weinstein (1988), who wrote a concise review on the topic, asserted that such litigation is principally the result of the following.


Cerebral Palsy Umbilical Cord Mural Thrombus Legal Consideration Placental Pathology 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Benirschke
    • 1
  • Peter Kaufmann
    • 2
  1. 1.University Medical CenterUniversity of California, San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Institut für Anatomie der Medizinischen FakultätRheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule AachenAachenGermany

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