Transplacental Hemorrhage

  • Kurt Benirschke
  • Peter Kaufmann


A century ago controversy raged as to whether the fetal and maternal circulations were united or separate. In an interesting essay, v. Baer (1828) discussed this dispute in great detail; and in order to settle the issue once and for all, he performed experiments on dogs. These studies showed conclusively that the two vascular beds are separate from eachotrjer. The early history of this topic is covered in excellent detail in the historical review of de Witt (1959).


Maternal Blood Fetal Cell Placenta Previa Maternal Circulation Fetal Hemoglobin 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Benirschke
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter Kaufmann
    • 3
  1. 1.Pathology and Reproductive MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.University Medical CenterSan DiegoUSA
  3. 3.Institut für Anatomie der Medizinischen Fakultät, Rheinisch-Westfälische TechnischeHochschule AachenAachenGermany

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