Conclusion: What Does the Future Hold?

  • Bronwyn Jones
  • Martin W. Donner


To evaluate patients with swallowing impairment, dynamic imaging is critical and strategic because it represents the current “state-of-the-art” practice of radiology. Supplementary techniques for further radiological evaluation include plain films, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound. Although videorecording and cineradiography obtained with modern equipment currently seem to satisfy our clinical needs, it is anticipated that future technical advances in image quality and frame speed will probably further enhance our clinical interpretation.


Sleep Apnea Plain Film Netic Resonance Imaging Modern Equipment Supplementary Technique 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bronwyn Jones
    • 1
    • 2
  • Martin W. Donner
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.The Johns Hopkins Medical InstitutionsBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.The Johns Hopkins Swallowing CenterBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological ScienceThe Johns Hopkins Swallowing CenterBaltimoreUSA

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