Long-Term and Large-Scale Change in Marine Ecosystems

  • Ivan Valiela


We have so far mainly examined mechanisms and processes that control populational, community, and ecosystem changes over relatively short time periods (up to a year) and relatively small spatial scales. Marine systems are also exposed to changes at rather larger scales and over multiyear (secular) time intervals. Different processes and mechanisms may be involved in changes over different ranges space and time intervals.


Salt Marsh Marine Ecosystem Sediment Load Striped Bass ENSO Event 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan Valiela
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Marine Biological LaboratoryBoston University Marine ProgramWoods HoleUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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