Ventricular Septal Defects

  • Bradley J. Harlan
  • Albert Starr
  • Fredric M. Harwin
Part of the Comprehensive Manuals of Surgical Specialties book series (CMSS)


Isolated ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most common congenital cardiac defect, with an incidence of approximately 2 per 1000 live births.17 Isolated VSD accounts for 25% of all congenital heart disease.21 The wide range of physiology and natural history of VSDs necessitates careful consideration of operative indications and timing. Understanding of the anatomic variations and applicable surgical techniques is necessary to achieve the excellent results that are possible today.


Pulmonary Vascular Resistance Ventricular Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect Pulmonary Valve Aortic Insufficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradley J. Harlan
    • 1
  • Albert Starr
    • 1
  • Fredric M. Harwin
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Cardiopulmonary SurgeryUniversity of Oregon Health Sciences CenterPortlandUSA
  2. 2.PortlandUSA

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