Inorganic Nutrients: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Other Nutrients

  • Robert G. Wetzel
  • Gene E. Likens


Compounds of nitrogen, and especially those of phosphorus, are major cellular components of organisms. Since the availability of these ele­ments may be less than the biological demand, environmental sources can regulate or limit the productivity of organisms in freshwater ecosys­tems. Other elements such as iron and sulfur are essential cellular constituents but are required in relatively low concentrations in relation to availability in fresh waters. The major basic cations, calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potas­sium, usually are required in very low quantities, but their concentrations in fresh water can influence the osmoregulation of organisms.


Total Phosphorus Specific Conductance Inorganic Nutrient Glass Fiber Filter American Public Health Association 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert G. Wetzel
    • 1
  • Gene E. Likens
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology, College of Arts and SciencesUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Ecosystem StudiesThe New York Botanical Garden, Cary ArboretumMillbrookUSA

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