The Littoral Zone

  • Robert G. Wetzel
  • Gene E. Likens


The littoral zone represents an interface between the land of the drainage basin and the open water of the lake; reservoir, or stream (Wetzel, 1990). The extent of the development of the littoral zone is highly variable and depends on both the geomorphology of the basin and the rate of sedimentation that has occurred since its formation.


Open Water Aquatic Plant Littoral Zone Aquatic Macrophyte Artificial Substratum 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert G. Wetzel
    • 1
  • Gene E. Likens
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology, College of Arts and SciencesUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Ecosystem StudiesThe New York Botanical Garden, Cary ArboretumMillbrookUSA

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