Effectiveness of Agricultural Best Management Practices in Reducing Phosphorous Loading to Lake Champlain

  • William E. Jokela
  • John C. Clausen
  • Donald W. Meals
  • Andrew N. Sharpley
Conference paper


Phosphorus is an essential element for the growth of terrestrial and aquatic plants. But in P-limited freshwater lakes, increased P loading can accelerate eutrophication and an associated growth of undesirable algae and aquatic weeds (Carpenter et al., 1998). Eutrophication has been blamed for the decline in water quality in freshwater lakes and estuaries in the Northeast over the past decades. The issue has received increased public attention recently as a result of human health problems, such as the impaired drinking water supply for New York City and outbreaks of the dinoflagellate Pfiesteria in waters off the east coast (Sharpley et al., 2000). The role of excessive P levels in water quality degradation in Lake Champlain is well documented (LCBP, 1996; Smeltzer, 1992). Phosphorus concentrations in parts of Lake Champlain (Missisquoi and St. Albans Bays and the South Lake, in particular) are highly eutrophic (Medalie and Smeltzer, 2003), with P concentrations as high as those in the most polluted parts of the Great Lakes (e.g. western Lake Erie) in the 1970s (Smeltzer, 1992).


Water Quality Phytic Acid Nutrient Management Conservation Tillage Dairy Manure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • William E. Jokela
    • 1
  • John C. Clausen
    • 2
  • Donald W. Meals
    • 3
  • Andrew N. Sharpley
    • 4
  1. 1.Plant and Soil Sci. Dept.Univ. of VermontBurlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Dept. of Natural Resources Mgmt. and Eng.Univ. of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  3. 3.New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commiss.LowellUSA
  4. 4.USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Mgmt.Research UnitUniversity ParkUSA

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