Until recently many believed that the use of drugs by athletes was not a problem. Nothing seemed more antithetical to the nature of true sport than using artificial means to attempt to improve performance. However, the financial rewards for success have increased, and the unrealistic expectations of a public obsessed with winning have been brought to bear on increasing numbers of athletes. As a result, many have turned to the use of performance-enhancing substances in an effort to gain unfair advantage over their competitors. The detection of an anabolic steroid (stanozolol) in the urine of Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson at the 1988 Summer Olympic games as well as the cocaine-related deaths of Maryland basketball player Len Bias and Cleveland Browns football player Don Rogers dramatically underscored the problems facing athletics when premier athletes turn to drugs to either enhance performance or escape the pressures of competing in sports. Both of these issues deserve to be explored, but this chapter focuses solely on the use of performance-enhancing drugs by athletes.
KeywordsDrug Testing Anabolic Steroid Olympic Game International Olympic Committee National Collegiate Athletic Association
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