Occupational Dermatoses and Infections

  • Wayne F. Peate


Work-related dermatoses are common and costly. They are the most frequent occupational illness (not injury), despite significant underreporting,1 and account for 40% to 65% of workers’ compensation cases.23 Occupational dermatoses rank first as the cause of lost work days and cause one-fourth of all work days lost.4 Occupational skin disease affects workers in any setting and of all ages. Highest risk industries include manufacturing, agriculture, construction, machine tool operation, printing, metal plating, leather work, engine service, and forestry. Work-related skin disease can be divided into four clinical groupings: contact dermatitis, oil acne/folliculitis, pigment abnormalities, and neoplasms.


Contact Dermatitis Lyme Disease Porphyria Cutanea Tarda Material Safety Data Sheet Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    NIOSH: National occupational survey: pilot study for development of an occupational disease surveillance method. University of Washington, Department of Environmental Health: Department of Health, Environment and Welfare; 1975 DHEW Publ. 75–162.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adams RM. Foreward: occupational skin disease. In: Occupational medicine: state of the art reviews, Vol. 1. 1986:xiii.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Williamson DM. Occupational skin disorders. Practitioner 1982;226:1285.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, 1991.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Marks JG, Trautlein JJ, Zwilich CW, Demers LM. Contact urticaria and airway obstruction from carbonless copy paper. JAMA 1984;252:1038–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Buring JE, Hennekens CH. Carbonless copy paper: a review of published epidemiologic studies. J Occup Med 1991;33:486–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Reported cases of allergic reactions to latex gloves on the rise. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1991;12:504–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vance MV, Curry SC, Kunkel DR, Ryan PJ, Ruggeri SB. Digital hydrofluoric acid burns: treatment with intraarterial calcium infusion. Ann Emerg Med 1986;15:890–896.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bracken WM, Cuppage F, McLaury RL, Kirwin C, Klassen CD. Comparative effectiveness of topical treatments for hydrofluoric acid burns. J Occup Med 1985;27:733–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Adams RM. Prevention, rehabilitation, treatment. In Adams RM, editor. Occupational skin disease. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1990:277.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Crow KD. Chloracne. Trans St Johns Hosp Dermatol Soc 1970; 56:79–99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Austin DF, Reynolds P. Occupation and malignant melanoma of the skin. In: Gallagher RP, editor. Epidemiology of malignant melanoma: recent results in cancer research. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1986:98–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dutkiewicz J, Jablonski L, Olenchock SA. Occupational biohaz-ards: a review. Am J Industr Med 1988;14:605–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Committee of Hazardous Biological Substances in the Laboratory. Descriptive epidemiology of occupational infections in laboratory workers. In: Biosafety in the laboratory: prudent practices for the handling and disposal of infectious material. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1989:8–12.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fekety R. Rabies prevention: the latest guidelines. PA Drug Update 1982;October.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pfisterer RM. An anthrax epidemic in Switzerland: clinical, diagnostic and epidemiological aspects of a mostly forgotten disease. J Suisse Med 1991;121:813–25.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Raffle PAB. Anthrax. In: Raffle PAB, Lee WR, McCallum RI, Murray R, editors. Hunter’s diseases of occupations. London: Macmillan, 1987:718–24.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fox MD, Kaufman AF. Brucellosis in the United States, 1965–1975. J Infect Dis 1977;136:312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Drugs of choice for bacterial infections. Med Lett 1990;817:44–46.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Faine S. Leptospirosis—still here. Med J Aust 1986;144:561.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mumford C, Dudley N, Terry H. Leptospirosis presenting as a flaccid paralysis. Postgrad Med J 1990;66:218–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wayne F. Peate

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations