Sexual Assault

  • Diane Kaye Beebe


Sexual assault is reported to be the fastest growing violent crime in the United States, with an estimated reporting rate of one rape every 2 to 6 minutes.1,2 It is a violent, not a sexual, act.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Sexual Assault Sexually Transmitted Disease Female Victim Rape Victim 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hochbaum SR. The evaluation and treatment of the sexually assaulted patient. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1987;5:601–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kobernick ME, Seifert S, Sanders AB. Emergency department management of the sexual assault victim. J Emerg Med 1985;2: 205–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Criminal victimization in the United States. Washington, DC, June 1991.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Female victims of violent crimes, 1988. Washington, DC, January 1991.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hillman RJ, O’Mara N, Taylor-Robinson D, Harris JRW. Medical and social aspects of sexual assault of males: a survey of 100 victims. Br J Gen Pract 1990;40:502–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kaufman A, Divasto P, Jackson R, Voorhees D, Christy J. Male rape victims: noninstitutionalized assault. Am J Psychiatry 1980;137:221–3.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Groth AN, Burgess AW. Male rape: offenders and victims. Am J Psychiatry 1980;137:806–10.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Beckmann CRB, Groetzinger LL. Treating sexual assault victims: a protocol for health professionals. Female Patient 1989;14:78–83.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Martin CA, Warfield MC, Braen GR. Physician’s management of the psychological aspects of rape. JAMA 1983;249:501–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Renshaw DC. Treatment of sexual exploitation: rape and incest. Psychiatr Clin North Am 1989;12:257–77.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tintinalli JE, Krome RL, Ruiz E, editors. Emergency medicine: a comprehensive study guide. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1988.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Enos WF, Beyer JC. Management of the rape victim. Am Fam Physician 1978;18:97–102.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    McGregor JA. Risk of STD in female victim of sexual assault. Med Aspects Hum Sex 1985;19:30, 35–39, 42.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schwarcz SK, Whittington WL. Sexual assault and sexually transmitted diseases: detection and management in adults and children. Rev Infect Dis 1990;12:S682–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Centers for Disease Control. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Atlanta: CDC, 1989.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Horsburgh CR, Jason J, Longini IM Jr, et al. Duration of human immunodeficiency virus infection before detection of antibody. Lancet 1989;2:637–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Glaser JB, Hammerschlag MR, McCormick WM. Epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases in rape victims. Rev Infec Dis 1989;11:246–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Deisher RW, Bidwell RJ. Sexual abuse of male adolescents. Semin Adolesc Med 1987;3:47–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Burgess AW, Holmstrom LL. Rape trauma syndrome. Am J Psychiatry 1974;131:981–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ellis EM. A review of empirical rape research: victim reactions and response to treatment. Clin Psychol Rev 1983;3:473–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mezey G, King M. The effects of sexual assault on men: a survey of 22 victims. Psychol Med 1989;19:205–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 3rd rev. ed. Washington, DC: APA, 1987.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Moscarello R. Psychological management of victims of sexual assault. Can J Psychiatry 1990;35:25–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diane Kaye Beebe

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations