Child Abuse and Neglect

  • Susan Y. Melvin

Abstract

Child abuse and neglect have persisted throughout history, from the practice of infanticide during the first century to the current practice of ritualistic abuse. In 1962 the “battered child syndrome” was defined in the medical literature,1 and mandatory reporting of suspected child abuse by caregivers became law in 1974. Since then, as victims themselves became parents, the long-term effects of child abuse and neglect have become evident. Chemical dependence, eating disorders, affective disorders, dysfunctional relationships, poor impulse control, and posttraumatic stress disorder have all been identified more frequently in adults who were abused as children.2

Keywords

Sexual Abuse Child Abuse Eating Disorder Child Sexual Abuse Physical Abuse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kempe CH. The battered child syndrome. JAMA 1962;181:1724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Herman J, Russell D, Trocki K. Long-term effects of incestuous abuse in childhood. Am J Psychiatry 1986;143:1293–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Leventhal JM, Garber RB, Brady CA. Identification during the postpartum period of infants who are at high risk of child maltreatment. J Pediatr 1989; 114:481.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bays J. Substance abuse and child abuse. Pediatr Clin North Am 1990;37:881–904.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Finkelhor D, Hotaling G, Lewis IA, Smith C. Sexual abuse in a national survey of adult men and women: prevalence, characteristics and risk factors. Child Abuse Negl 1990;14:19–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gale J, Thompson RJ, Moran T, Sack WH. Sexual abuse in young children: its clinical presentation and characteristic patterns. Child Abuse Negl 1988;12:163–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Krug RD. Recognition of sexual abuse in children. Pediatr Rev 1986;8:25–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Helfer RE. The neglect of our children. Pediatr Clin North Am 1990;37:923–42.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Johnson CF. Inflicted injury versus accidental injury. Pediatr Clin North Am 1990;37:791–814.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wilson EF. Estimation of the age of cutaneous contusions in child abuse. Pediatrics 1977;60:750–2.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Showers J, Garrison KM. Burn abuse: a four year study. J Trauma 1988;28:1581–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Eilerstein NS. The cutaneous manifestations of child abuse and neglect. Am J Dis Child 1979;133:906–9.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Feldman SW, Schaller RT, Feldman JA, et al. Tap water scald burns in children. Pediatrics 1978;62:1–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Johnson CF, Kaufman KL, Callendar C. The hand as a target organ in child abuse. Clin Pediatr 1990;29:66–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Reece RM, Grodin MA. Recognition of nonaccidental injury. Pediatr Clin North Am 1985;32:41–60.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hadley MN, Sonntag VKH, Rekate HL, Murphy A. The infant whiplash-shake injury syndrome: a clinical and pathological study. Neurosurgery 1989;24:536–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Harley RD. Ocular manifestations of child abuse. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1980;17:5–13.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ball WS Jr. Nonaccidental craniocerebral trauma: MR imaging. Radiology 1989;173:609–10.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Billmirc ME, Myers PA. Serious head injury in infants: accident or abuse? Pediatrics 1985;75:340–2.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Merten DF, Carpenter BLM. Radiologic imaging of inflicted injury in the child abuse syndrome. Pediatr Clin North Am 1990;37:815–37.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kleinman PK. Diagnostic imaging in infant abuse. AJR 1990;155:703–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Merten DF, Radowski MA, Leonidas JC. The abused child: a radiologic reappraisal. Radiology 1983;146:377–81.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rosenberg D. Web of deceit: a literature review of Munchausen’s syndrome by proxy. Child Abuse Negl 1987;11:547–63.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Paradise JE. The medical evaluation of the sexually abused child. Pediatr Clin North Am 1990;37:839–62.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sgroi S. Handbook of clinical intervention in child sexual abuse. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1985.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Horowitz DA. Physical examination of sexually abused children and adolescents. Pediatr Rev 1987;9:25–29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Muram D. Child sexual abuse: genital tract findings in prepubertal girls. I. The unaided medical exam. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989;160:328–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Woodling BA, Heger A. The use of colposcope in the diagnosis of sexual abuse in the pediatric age group. Child Abuse Negl 1986;10:111.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Neinstein LS, Goldenring J, Carpenter S. Nonsexual transmission of sexually transmitted diseases: an infrequent occurrence. Pediatrics 1984;74:67.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    DeJong AR, Weiss JC, Brent RL. Condyloma acuminata in children. Am J Dis Child 1982;136:706.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kaplan KM, Fleischer GR, Paradise JE, et al. Social relevance of genital herpes simplex in children. Am J Dis Child 1984;138: 872.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Gutman LT, St. Claire KK, Weedy C, et al. Human immunodeficiency virus transmission by child sexual abuse. Am J Dis Child 1991;145:137–41.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Bartley DL, Morgan L, Rimsza ME. Gardnerella vaginitis in prepubertal girls. Am J Dis Child 1987;141:1014–17.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Council on Scientific Affairs. AMA diagnostic and treatment guidelines concerning child abuse and neglect. JAMA 1985;254: 796–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Y. Melvin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations