Differential Geometry

  • R. O. WellsJr.
Part of the Graduate Texts in Mathematics book series (GTM, volume 65)


This chapter is an exposition of some of the basic ideas of Hermitian differential geometry, with applications to Chern classes and holomorphic line bundles. In Sec. 1 we shall give the basic definitions of the Hermitian analogues of the classical concepts of (Riemannian) metric, connection, and curvature. This is carried out in the context of differentiable C-vector bundles over a differentiable manifold X. More specific formulas are obtained in the case of holomorphic vector bundles (in Sec. 2) and holomorphic line bundles (in Sec. 4). In Sec. 3 is presented a development of Chern classes from the differential-geometric viewpoint. In Sec. 4 this approach to characteristic class theory is compared with the classifying space approach and with the sheaf-theoretic approach (in the case of line bundles). We prove that the Chern classes are primary obstructions to finding trivial subbundles of a given vector bundle, and, in particular, to the given vector bundle being itself trivial. In the case of line bundles, we give a useful characterization of which cohomology classes in H 2 (X, Z) are the first Chern class of a line bundle. Additional references for the material covered here are Chern [2], Griffiths [2], and Kobayashi and Nomizu [1].


Vector Bundle Line Bundle Differential Form Complex Manifold Cohomology Class 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. O. WellsJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsRice UniversityHoustonUSA

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