• Michael T. Mazur
  • Robert J. Kurman


Endometritis usually is a disorder of the reproductive years, although it may occur in postmenopausal patients. Endometrial inflammation typically accompanies pelvic inflammatory disease of the upper genital tract.1,2 It may also be associated with a recent pregnancy, either an abortion or a term pregnancy. 3–5 Other possible causes include instrumentation, such as a prior biopsy, an intrauterine contraceptive device, cervical stenosis, or the presence of an organic lesion such as a polyp, leiomyoma, hyperplasia, or carcinoma.5 Endometritis typically presents with intermenstrual vaginal bleeding, and sometimes it causes menorrhagia. Since this disorder also may be associated with infertility, it is important to recognize it, both for the therapy and for the prognosis of the infertile patient.6,7 In one study, 8% of outpatient endometrial biopsies showed endometritis.8


Plasma Cell Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Lymphoid Follicle Endometrial Biopsy Reactive Stroma 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael T. Mazur
    • 1
  • Robert J. Kurman
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Crouse Irving Memorial Hospital, Health Science CenterState University of New YorkSyracuseUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Gynecology and Obstetrics and PathologyThe Johns Hopkins HospitalBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.The Johns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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