Tobacco

  • Russell A. HarleyJr.

Abstract

Nicotiana tabacum is America’s most famous plant. There is little evidence to support the thesis that the mandrake of the Old Testament (Genesis 30) was tobacco, but the evidence is strong that tobacco was smoked 2,000 years ago in the New World by Mayan Indians. Columbus and other early European explorers described Indians chewing tobacco, using tobacco as snuff, and smoking tobacco in pipes and large and small cigars. The name was derived from the Haitian Indian word for a forked tubular inhaler called a “tabac”1 (Fig. 23-1). The forked end of the tabac was placed in the nostrils while the other end held the burning leaf or snuff. Central and South American Indians called tobacco “zig,” and the word for smoking was “zikar.” Two of Christopher Columbus’ men, Luis de Torres and Jerez, while searching for the great Chinese Khan found Indian men and women smoking cigars on Hispanola. Jerez bears the dubious honor of being described as the first European habituated to tobacco.2,3

Keywords

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Tobacco Smoke Pulmonary Emphysema Mass Median Aerodynamic Diameter Smoke Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

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  • Russell A. HarleyJr.

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