Many patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) become hemodynamically unstable, with the cause often difficult to discern by physical examination alone. Invasive monitoring is often utilized in these patients to help diagnose the cause of hemodynamic instability, as well as to assess the patient’s response to therapy. This chapter reviews the use of hemodynamic monitoring, specifically, the indications, complications, and interpretation of data associated with the use of arterial, central venous, and pulmonary artery (PA) catheters.
KeywordsRight Ventricular Central Venous Pressure Internal Jugular Vein Tricuspid Regurgitation Pulmonary Artery Catheter
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