Blood Gas Sampling

  • Joseph Crocetti
  • Samuel Krachman


Critically ill patients require intensive monitoring during their care, both to detect and access acute changes that might occur and to determine the response to a therapeutic intervention. Blood gas sampling, which includes both arterial and mixed venous blood, is a modality that provides important information on a patient’s metabolic status as well as their overall oxygenation (Table 3-1). Clinical decision making based on the analysis of the blood gas data often leads to changes in patient care, which may have a significant effect on their survival. This chapter discusses both arterial and mixed venous blood gas analysis and the implications.


Renal Tubular Acidosis Metabolic Alkalosis Respiratory Acidosis Alveolar Ventilation Respiratory Alkalosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Suggested Reading

  1. Adrogue HJ, Madias NE. Arterial blood gas monitoring: acid—base assessment. In: Tobin MJ (ed) Principles and Practice of Intensive Care Monitoring. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998: 217–241.Google Scholar
  2. D’Alonzo GE, Dantzker DR. Respiratory failure, mechanisms of abnormal gas exchange, and oxygen delivery. Med Clin North Am 1983; 67 (3): 557–571.Google Scholar
  3. Narins RG, Emmett M. Simple and mixed acid-base disorders: a practical approach. Medicine (Baltim) 1980; 59 (3): 161–187.Google Scholar
  4. Tobin MJ. Respiratory monitoring in the intensive care unit. Am Rev Respir Dis 1988; 138: 1625–1642.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Crocetti
  • Samuel Krachman

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations