Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

  • Gilbert E. D’Alonzo
  • David Friedel


Acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage is a common emergency that either necessitates admission to an intensive care unit or complicates the course of the ICU patient initially hospitalized for other reasons. Mortality associated with gastrointestinal hemorrhage is significant and has remained about 10% since World War II. Mortality has not changed despite technologic advances, perhaps due to increased patient age and the presence of comorbid disease. The upper gastrointestinal tract is the site of origin for most acute gastrointestinal bleeding, but the lower small intestine and the colon can often be the source of such bleeding. This chapter reviews the evaluation and management of the ICU patient with gastrointestinal bleeding, including differential diagnosis, diagnostic modalities, and treatment options.


Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Intensive Care Unit Patient Esophageal Varix Variceal Bleeding Stress Ulceration 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilbert E. D’Alonzo
  • David Friedel

There are no affiliations available

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