Free and Forced Vibrations of Simple Systems

  • Thomas D. Rossing
  • Neville H. Fletcher


Mechanical, acoustical, or electrical vibrations are the sources of sound in musical instruments. Some familiar examples are the vibrations of strings (violin, guitar, piano, etc), bars or rods (xylophone, glockenspiel, chimes, clarinet reed), membranes (drums, banjo), plates or shells (cymbal, gong, bell), air in a tube (organ pipe, brass and woodwind instruments, marimba resonator), and air in an enclosed container (drum, violin, or guitar body).


Normal Mode Simple System Forced Vibration Mechanical Impedance Equivalent Electrical Circuit 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas D. Rossing
    • 1
  • Neville H. Fletcher
    • 2
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentNorthern Illinois UniversityDeKalbUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Sciences Research School of Physical Sciences and EngineeringAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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