In the next section we shall try to make sense of two ideas that come up every day in conversation, “randomness” and “probability” (or “chance”). In order to discuss these ideas formally, it is necessary to have a suitable definition of the sort of thing about which it makes sense to say, “is this random?” We shall call such a thing an “event”. Since many of the applications of probability lie in the analysis of experiments, we shall use the terminology of the empirical sciences.
KeywordsTree Diagram Venn Diagram Fair Coin Blue Ball Uniform Experiment
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