Vertigo pp 485-496 | Cite as

Motion sickness

  • Thomas Brandt


Motion sickness is induced during passive locomotion in vehicles. It is generated either by unfamiliar body accelerations, to which the person has therefore not adapted, or by an intersensory mismatch involving conflicting vestibular and visual stimuli (Dichgans and Brandt 1973, 1978; Benson 1977; Reason 1978; Brandt and Daroff 1980; Crampton 1990). According to the “mismatch theory” (see also p. 4), spatial orientation and perception of movement are disturbed by a conflict between stimuli, when the multisensory motion signals do not correspond to the expected pattern of sensory signals established from earlier experience with active locomotion. This may give rise to unpleasant illusions of movement with consequences for posture and vehicle control (Dichgans and Brandt 1978; Leibowitz et al. 1982) and result in motion sickness due to summation. This simple “sensory conflict” theory of motion sickness has been questioned by those who argue that there is no principled basis on which this concept can distinguish between nauseogenic and non-nauseogenic stimulus situations (Stoffregen and Riccio 1991; Riccio and Stoffregen 1991).


Semicircular Canal Squirrel Monkey Motion Sickness Parabolic Flight Coriolis Effect 
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© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Brandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurologische Klinik, Klinikum GroßhadernLudwig-Maximillians-UniversitätMunichGermany

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