Vertigo pp 395-404 | Cite as

Drugs and vertigo

  • Thomas Brandt

Abstract

The list of drugs that may have adverse effects on hearing or balance is impressive (see also Chap. 24). It includes anaesthetics, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, analgesics, antidiabetics, antihypertensive agents, anti-inflammatory drugs, contraceptives, cytotoxic agents, cardiovascular drugs, sedatives, and tranquillizers (Table 28.1; Ballantyne and Ajodhia 1984; Black and Pesznecker 1993; Rascol et al. 1995). Historically, the first identified ototoxic drugs were naturally occurring substances, e.g. mercury as a primary treatment for syphilis, followed by the first aminoglycoside antibiotic effective against tuberculosis (Black and Pesznecker 1993). Irreversible deafness and disturbance of balance were reported in the first clinical trial of streptomycin (Hinshaw and Feldman 1945). An exhaustive treatment of the extensive literature on drugs causing vestibular and oculomotor dysfunction is, however, beyond the scope of this monograph.

Keywords

Hair Cell Outer Hair Cell Ethacrynic Acid Endolymphatic Hydrops Minamata Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Brandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurologische Klinik, Klinikum GroßhadernLudwig-Maximillians-UniversitätMunichGermany

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