Vertigo pp 347-350 | Cite as

Head and neck injury

  • Thomas Brandt

Abstract

Post-traumatic dizziness or vertigo is one of the major complaints following head (Davies and Luxon 1995; Luxon 1996) or whiplash injuries (Oosterveld et al. 1991), not only in adults but also in children (Fried 1980; Vartainen et al. 1985). It accounts for increasing numbers of medicolegal claims.

Keywords

Head Injury Whiplash Injury Neck Injury Vertebral Artery Dissection Mild Head Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Berger G, Finkelstein Y, Harell M (1994) Non-explosive blast injury of the ear. J Laryngol Otol 108: 395–398PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berman JM, Fredrickson (1978) Vertigo after head injury: a five year follow-up. J Otolaryngol 7: 237–245Google Scholar
  3. Brandt Th (1996) Phobic postural vertigo. Neurology 46: 1515–1519PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brandt Th, Daroff RB (1980) The multisensory physiological and pathological vertigo syndromes. Ann Neurol 7: 195–203PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cartlidge NEF (1978) Postconcussional syndrome. Scott Med J 23: 103PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Compere WE (1968) Electronystagmographic findings in patients with “whiplash” injuries. Laryngoscope 78: 1226–1233PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coonley-Hoganson R, Sachs N, Desai BT, Whitman S (1984) Sequelae associated with head injuries in patients who were not hospitalized: a follow-up survey. Neurosurgery 14: 315–317PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davies RA, Luxon LM (1995) Dizziness following head injury: a neuro-otological study. J Neurol 242: 222–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Denny-Brown R, Russel WR (1941) Experimental cerebral concussion of the brain. Laryngoscope 50: 921Google Scholar
  10. DeWit G, Bles W (1975) A stabilographic study of the role of optic stimuli in maintaining the postural position in patients suffering from postconcussional dizziness. Agressologie 16D: 9–14Google Scholar
  11. Eide PK, Tysnes 0-B (1992) Early and late outcome in head injury patients with radiological evidence of brain damage. Acta Neurol Scand 86: 194–198Google Scholar
  12. Feneley MR, Murthy P (1994) Acute bilateral vestibulo-cochlear dysfunction following occipital fracture. J Laryngol Otol 108: 54–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fisher CM (1966) Concussion amnesia. Neurology 16: 826–830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fowler MS, Wade DT, Richardson AT, Stein JF (1996) Squints and diplopia seen after brain damage. J Neurol 243: 86–90PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fried MP (1980) The evaluation of dizziness in children. Laryngoscope 90: 1548–1560PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Friedman AP, Brenner C, Denny-Brown D (1945) Post-traumatic vertigo and dizziness. J Neurosurg 21: 36–46Google Scholar
  17. Gannon P, Wilson GN, Roberts ME, Pearse HJ (1978) Auditory and vestibular damage in head injuries at work. Arch Otolaryngol 104: 404–408PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Glasscock ME, Hart MJ, Rosdeutscher JD, Bhansali SA (1992) Traumatic perilymphatic fistula: how long can symptoms persist? A follow-up report. Am J Otol 13: 333–338PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Goodwin WJ (1989) Temporal bone fractures. Radiol Clin North Am 16: 651–659Google Scholar
  20. Gray L (1956) Extra-labyrinthine vertigo due to cervical muscle lesions. J Laryngol Otol 70: 352–361PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Grimm RJ, Hemenway WG, LeBray PR, Black FO (1989)The perilymph fistula syndrome defined in mild head trauma. Acta Otolaryngol (Suppl) 464: 1–40Google Scholar
  22. Hasegawa T (1933) Die Veränderungen der labyrinthären Reflexe bei zentrifugierten Meerschweinchen. Pflügers Arch Ges Physiol 232: 454–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Herdman SJ (1990) Treatment of vestibular disorders in traumatically brain-injured patients. J Head Trauma Rehabil 5: 63–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hinoki M (1985) Vertigo due to whiplash injury: a neuro-otological approach. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) Suppl 419: 9–29Google Scholar
  25. Hugenholtz H, Stuss DT, Stethem LL, Richard MT (1988) How long does it take to recover from a mild concussion? Neurosurgery 22: 853–858PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Huppert D, Kunihiro T, Brandt Th (1994) Phobic postural vertigo (154 patients): its association with vestibular disorders. J Audiol Med 4: 97–103Google Scholar
  27. Hyslop G (1952) Intra-cranial circulatory complication of injuries to the neck. Bull NY Acad Med 28: 729–733Google Scholar
  28. Igarashi M, Nagaba M (1968) Vestibular end-organ damage in squirrel monkeys after exposure to intensive linear acceleration. In: Third symposium on the role of the vestibular organs in space exploration, NASA SP-152, pp 63–67Google Scholar
  29. Jellinger K (1967) Häufigkeit und Pathogenese zentraler Hirnläsionen nach stumpfer Gewalteinwirkung auf den Schädel. Wien Z Nervenheilk 25: 223PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Kortschot HW, Oosterveld WJ (1994) Otoneurologic disorders after cervical whiplash trauma. Orthopäde 23: 275–277PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Lange G, Kornhuber HH (1962) Zur Bedeutung peripher-and zentral-vestibulärer Störungen nach Kopftraumen. Arch Ohren-Heilk u Z Hals-Heilk 179: 366–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lepore FE (1995) Disorders of ocular motility following head trauma. Arch Neurol 52: 924–926PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Levine HS, Mattis S, Ruff RM, Eisenberg HM, Marshall LF, High WM jr, Frankowski RF (1987) Neurobehavioral outcome following minor head injury: a three-center study. J Neurosurg 66: 234–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Luxon LM (1996) Posttraumatic vertigo. In: Baloh RW, Halmagyi GM (eds) Disorders of the vestibular system. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 381–395Google Scholar
  35. Lyos AT, Marsch MA, Jenkins HA, Coker NJ (1995) Progressive hearing loss after transverse temporal bone fracture. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 121: 795–799PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Nadol JB, Weiss AD, Parker SW (1975) Vertigo of delayed onset after sudden deafness. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 84:841–846 Nakamura N (1967) Mechanism of head trauma. Clin Med 9: 1131Google Scholar
  37. Oosterveld W, Kortschot HW, Kingma GG, de Jong HAA, Saatci MR (1991) Electronystagmographic findings following cervical whiplash injuries. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 111: 201–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rubin W (1973) Whiplash with vestibular involvement. Arch Otolaryngol 97: 85–87PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rutherford WH, Merret JD, McDonald JR (1990) Sequelae of concussion caused by minor head injuries. Lancet i: 1–4Google Scholar
  40. Saito Y, Ishikawa T, Makiyama Y, Hasegawa M, Shigihara S, Yasukata J, Ishiyama E, Tomita H (1986) Neuro-otological study of positional vertigo caused by head injury. Auris Nasus Larynx (Tokyo) 13: S69 - S73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shimizu J, Nakagawa Y, Fuji Y, Nakase H, Mannen T (1992) Wallenberg’s syndrome due to vertebral artery dissection following minimal neck injury: report of two cases. Rinsho Shinkeigaku 32: 430–435PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Tuohimaa P (1978) Vestibular disturbances after acute mild head injury. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) Suppl 359: 1–67Google Scholar
  43. Vartianien E, Karjalainen S, Karja J (1985) Vestibular disorders following head injury in children. Int J Pediatr 9: 135–141Google Scholar
  44. Vibert D, Rohr Le Floch J, Gauthier G (1993) Vertigo as manifestation of vertebral artery dissection after chiropractic neck manipulations. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 55: 140–142PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Weeks V, Travelli J (1955) Postural vertigo due to trigger areas in sterno-cleidomastoid muscle. J Pediat 47: 315–327PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Weintraub MI (1994) Vestibulopathy induced by high impact aerobics. A new syndrome: discussion of 30 cases. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 34: 56–63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Wennmo C, Svensson C (1989) Temporal bone fractures. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl (Stockh) 468: 379–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wennmo C, Spandow 0 (1993) Fractures of the temporal bone-chain incongruencies. Am J Otolaryngol 14: 38–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Williams DH, Levin HS, Eisenberg HM (1990) Mild head injury classification. Neurosurgery 27: 422–428PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhou D, Xu W, He L (1994) Histopathology of nonacoustic labyrinth following head injury in guinea pigs. Chung-HuaErh-Pi-Yen-Hou-Ko-Tsa-Chih 29: 350–352Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Brandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurologische Klinik, Klinikum GroßhadernLudwig-Maximillians-UniversitätMunichGermany

Personalised recommendations