The Role of Bystanders in Bullying Episodes

  • Gayle L. Macklem


Bullying is a result of the interaction between individual students who are involved in the interactions but this is insufficient to explain why it occurs. Not only are the bully and victim involved, but others are involved as well. Bullying occurs in a social context. Once bullying begins, it is maintained by the system. The characteristics of the peer group, and the social context of the classroom, playground or lunchroom, each contribute to the perpetuation of the behaviors (Espelage, 2002). The range of behaviors, from teasing or low-level aggressive behaviors to bullying or harassment, is driven by more than simply aggression.


Aggressive Behavior Bully Behavior Junior High School Student Walk Away Silent Majority 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gayle L. Macklem
    • 1
  1. 1.Manchester Essex Regional School DistrictManchesterUSA

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