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Introduction

  • J. M. Li
  • Li Lü
  • M. O. Lai
  • B. Ralph
Chapter

Abstract

Microstructures of materials refer to a set of basic elements such as the arrangement of atoms or molecules, dislocations, grains, particles, surfaces, boundaries, etc. These basic elements may be made to appear in their basic morphologies using techniques such as light, ultrasonic, electron, atomic force, X-ray, electron and neutron diffraction and others. Some specific instruments can be used to display some fields associated with properties of the materials. For example, a magnetic force microscope (MFM) is able to display the magnetic microstructures of a material. In the modern approach, more and more micro-scale basic elements of microstructures can be imaged properly as a means to study the properties of materials. Qualitative observations from images can no longer satisfy the requirements for the development of materials science and engineering. Quantitative descriptions of the basic elements therefore become more and more interesting.

Keywords

Fractal Dimension Basic Element Fractal Geometry Ductile Iron Maraging Steel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Li
    • 1
  • Li Lü
    • 2
  • M. O. Lai
    • 2
  • B. Ralph
    • 3
  1. 1.Data Storage InstituteSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Faculty of Technology and Information SystemsBrunel UniversityUK

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