Sampled-Data Image-Rejection Receiver

  • Kong-Pang Pun
  • José Epifânio da Franca
  • Carlos Azeredo-Leme
Part of the The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 728)


In this chapter, we will address the applications of switched-capacitor (SC) Hilbert transformers which are presented in the previous chapter. The main function of SC Hilbert transformers is wideband 90° phase shifting. Remember that a 90° phase shifter is required in Hartley image rejection receiver for performing on-chip image rejection. Ideally, complete image cancellation can be achieved in a Hartley receiver. However, due to mismatches between I and Q paths and phase-shifting error in the 90° phase shifter, the receiver offers limited image rejection performance. Only up to about 35 dB of image rejection ratio (IRR) has been reported [1, 2, 3, 4].


Hilbert Transformer Image Interferer Unit Capacitor Operational Transconductance Amplifier Image Rejection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    T. Okanobu, H. Tomiyama, and H. Arimoto, “Advanced low voltage single chip radio IC,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electronics, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 465475, August 1992.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    M. D. McDonald, “A 2.5GHz BiCMOS image-reject front end,” in Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, 1993, pp. 144–145.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Werner Baumberger, “A single-chip image rejecting receiver for the 2.44 GHz band using commercial GaAs-MESFET-technology,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1244–1249, Oct. 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    D. Pache, J.M. Fournier, G. Billiot, and P. Senn, “An improved 3V 2GHz BiCMOS image reject mixer IC,” in Proc. IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 1995, pp. 95–98.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    K.P. Pun, J.E. Franca, and C. Azeredo Lerne, “Basic principles and new solutions for analog sampled-data image rejection mixers,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems, Lisbon, Portugal, Lisbon, 1998, vol. 3, pp. 165–168.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    J. Tang and D. Kasperkovitz, “A 0.9–2.2GHz monolithic quadrature mixer oscillator for direct-conversion satellite receivers,” in Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, Feb. 1997, pp. 88–89.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    M. Steyaert and R. Roovers, “A 1-GHz single-chip quadrature modulator,” IEEE J. Solid-State Ciruits, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1194–1197, Aug 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    T.D. Stetzler, I.G. Post, J.H. Havens, and M. Koyama, “A 2.7–4.5V single chip GSM transceiver RF integrated circuit,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1421–1429, Dec 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    S. Levantino, C. Samori, M. Banu, J. Glas, and V. Boccuzzi, “A CMOS IF sampling circuit with reduced aliasing for wireless applications,” in Dig. of Tech. Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2002, pp. 404–405.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    European Telecommunications Standards Institute, Technical charateristics, test conditions and methods of measurement for radio aspects of cordless telephones CT1,1994.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Motorola, Universal Cordless Telephone Subsystem IC: MC13111,1996.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    B.S. Song, “CMOS RF circuits for data communications applications,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. SC-21, no. 2, pp. 310–317, April 1986.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Y.P. Tsividis, Operation and modeling of the MOS transistor, McGrawHill, 1987.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. Crols and M. Steyaert, “A 1.5GHz highly linear CMOS down conversion mixer,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 736–742, July 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Yannis P. Tsividis, “Integrated continous-time filter design–an overview,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 166–176, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Rolf Schaumann, Mohammed S. Ghausi, and Kenneth R. Laker, Design of Analog Filters, passive, active RC, and swithed capacitor, Prentice-Hall, 1990.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    David A. Johns and Ken Martin, Analog Integrated Circuit Design, John Wiley and Sons, 1997.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    T.R. Viswanathan et al., “Switched-capacitor frequency control loop,” IEEE J. of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 17, pp. 775–778, August 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    University of Glasgow, Xfilter User’s Guide,1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kong-Pang Pun
    • 1
  • José Epifânio da Franca
    • 2
  • Carlos Azeredo-Leme
    • 3
  1. 1.The Chinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.Chipldea Microelectronics S.A.Portugal
  3. 3.Instituto Superior TécnicoLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations