# Wireless Receivers: Architectures and Image Rejection

## Abstract

As early as Armstrong invented the *heterodyne* receiver architecture eight decades ago [1], the image rejection had emerged as an important issue in the design of a radio receiver. The image problem arises from the fact that radio interferer at the *image frequency* will be downconverted to the same intermediate frequency (IF) as the desired signal and therefore corrupt it. The traditional method for rejecting the image interferer is to use a high quality factor (Q-factor) band-pass filter before the RF mixer. At that time all the electrical components were discrete, so was the image-reject filter. Currently, a majority of those discrete components can be put together to a small integrated circuit die, but hardly the image-reject filters. For high level receiver integration, this approach is not favoured.

## Keywords

Intermediate Frequency Wireless Receiver Software Radio Image Interferer Image Rejection## Preview

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