• Kong-Pang Pun
  • José Epifânio da Franca
  • Carlos Azeredo-Leme
Part of the The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 728)


In the last two decades, we have witnessed wireless communications evolving from the first generation analog systems to the second generation digital systems (Table 1.1), with dramatic down-scaling and price decreasing of the mobile terminals as well as longer stand-by time. This evolution has been enabled by significant advances in radio and integrated circuit techniques. For example, time-division or code-devision multiple access enabled by modern digital signal processing, together with the vary large scale integrated circuit (VLSI) increased significantly radio capacity and brought the radio costs down to the consumer level [1]. Today, we are seeing the emergence of the third generation wireless communication systems capable of transmitting various services from voice to multimedia (including voice, video, data, Internet, etc) [2, 3] with ever increased bandwidth and data rates.


Intermediate Frequency Mobile Terminal Image Problem Radio Receiver Delta Sigma Modulator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    C.K. Coursey, Understanding digital PCS, the TDMA Standard, Artech House, 1999.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Malcolm W. Oliphant, The mobile phone meets the internet, IEEE Communications Magazine, pp. 20 - 28, Aug. 1999.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    William Sweet, Cell phones answer internets call, IEEE Spectrum, pp. 42 - 46, Aug. 2000.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    P. Gray and R. Meyer, Future directions of silicon ICs for RF personal communications, in Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 1995, pp. 83 - 90.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    J.C. Rudell, J.J. Ou, et al., Recent developments in high integration multi-standard cmos transceivers for personal communication systems, Int. Sym. on Low Power Electronics, Monterey, California, 1998.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. Abidi et al., The future of CMOS wireless transcivers, in Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, Feb. 1997, pp. 118 - 119.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    V. Thomas et al., A one-chip 2 GHz single-superhet receiver for 2Mb/s FSK radio communications, in Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, San Francisco, CA, Feb. 1994, pp. 42 - 43.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    T.D. Stetzler, I.G. Post, J.H. Havens, and M. Koyama, A 2.7-4.5V single chip GSM transceiver RF integrated circuit," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1421 - 1429, Dec 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    K. Irie, H. Matsui, T. Endo, et al., A 2.7V GSM RF transceiver IC, in Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, Feb. 1997, pp. 302 - 303.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    P. Orsatti, F. Piazza, Q. Huang, and T. Morimoto, A 20mA-receive 55mA-transmit GSM transceiver in 0.25µm CMOS, in Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, 1999, pp. 232 - 234.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    A. A. Abidi, Direct-conversion radio transceivers for digital communications, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1399 - 1410, Dec. 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    T. Tsukahara, M. Ishikawa, and M. Muraguchi, A 2V 2GHz Si-bipolar direct-conversion quadrature modulator, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 262 - 267, Feb 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    J. Tang and D. Kasperkovitz, A 0.9-2.2GHz monolithic quadrature mixer oscillator for direct-conversion satellite receivers, in Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, Feb. 1997, pp. 88 - 89.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. Crols and M. Steyaert, A 1.5GHz highly linear CMOS down conversion mixer, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 736 - 742, July 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    J.C. Rudell, J.J. Ou, et al., A 1.9GHz wide-band IF double conversion CMOS receiver for cordless telephone application, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 32, pp. 2071 - 2088, Dec 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    H.J. Dressler, Interpolative bandpass A/D conversion - experimental results, IEE Electron. Letters, vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 1652 - 1653, Sept. 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    A.M. Thurston, T.H. Pearce, and M.J. Hawksford, Bandpass implementation of the sigma-delta A-D conversion technique, Proc. IEE Int. Conference on A/D and D/A Conversion, Swansea, U.K., pp. 81 - 86, Sept. 1991.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    S.A. Jantzi, W.M. Snelgrove, and P.F. Ferguson Jr., A fourth-order bandpass sigma-delta modulator, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 282 - 291, March 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    S. Jantzi, R. Schreier, and M. Snelgrove, The design of bandpass DE ADCs, in Delta-Sigma Data Converters, Theory, Design and Simulation, S. Norsworthy, R. Schreier, and G.C. Ternes, Eds., pp. 282-308. IEEE Press, 1997.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    D.K. Weaver, A third method of generation and detection of singlesideband signals, Proc. IRE, vol. 44, pp. 1703 - 1705, Dec 1956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Behazad Razavi, Design consideration for direct-conversion receivers, IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems - II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 428 - 435, June 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    F.E. Churchill, G.W. Ogar, and B.J. Thompson, The correction of I and Q errors in a coherent processor, IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. AES-17, no. 1, pp. 131 - 137, Jan 1981.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Li Yu and W. M. Snelgrove, A novel adaptive mismatch cancellation system for quadrature IF radio receivers, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems: - II: Analog and digital signal processing, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 789 - 801, June 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    J. Crois and M. Steyaert, An analog integrated polyphase filter for a high performance low-if receivers, in Proc. VLSI Circuits Symposium, Kyoto, June 1995, pp. 87 - 88.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    T. Okanobu, H. Tomiyama, and H. Arimoto, Advanced low voltage single chip radio IC, IEEE Trans. Consumer Electronics, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 465475, August 1992.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    E. van der Zwan, K. Philips, and C. Bastiaansen, A 10.7MHz IF-tobasebad DE A/D conversion system for AM/FM radio receivers, in Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, Feb. 2000, pp. 340 - 341.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kong-Pang Pun
    • 1
  • José Epifânio da Franca
    • 2
  • Carlos Azeredo-Leme
    • 3
  1. 1.The Chinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.Chipldea Microelectronics S.A.Portugal
  3. 3.Instituto Superior TécnicoLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations