Morphological Parsing and Morphological Structure
A language’s ability to create new word forms by recombining morphemes has obvious advantages for both language comprehension and production. It allows a relatively large whole-word vocabulary to develop from a considerably smaller set of morphemes, it allows novel forms to be immediately comprehensible in terms of their constituent morphemes, and it allows the semantic relationships among words to be coded through shared morphological elements. For these advantages to be realized, however, the constituent morphemes of complex and compound words must be available to the language user during on-line processing, so that novel forms such as fruitpepper or reflocking can be easily understood. What is less than clear, however, is the role that such constituent extraction plays in the comprehension of existing words of the language.
KeywordsWord Recognition Lexical Decision Real Word Stimulus Category Mental Lexicon
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