Random Initial Imperfection (I)

  • Kiyohiro Ikeda
  • Kazuo Murota
Part of the Applied Mathematical Sciences book series (AMS, volume 149)


The probabilistic variation of initial imperfections of structures has been given considerable attention. There are a number of excellent textbooks on this issue (e.g., Bolotin, 1969, 1984 [16], [17]; Elishakoff, 1983 [44]; Augusti, Barratta, and Casciati, 1984 [9]; Lindberg and Florence, 1987 [119]; Ben-Haim and Elishakoff, 1990 [14]; Elishakoff, Lin, and Zhu, 1994 [48]).


Probability Density Function Critical Load Limit Point Bifurcation Point Multivariate Normal Distribution 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kiyohiro Ikeda
    • 1
  • Kazuo Murota
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringTohoku UniversityAoba SendaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Mathematical InformaticsUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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