Osteoporosis: Medical and Surgical Options

  • Abraham M. Obuchowski
  • Aleksandar Curcin
  • John P. Kostuik


Osteoporosis is a common bone disease affecting nearly 200 million individuals worldwide. In the United States alone, there are more than 1.5 million osteoporotic fractures annually, including 250,000 hip, 250,000 wrist, and 500,000 to 700,000 vertebral fractures.1 Although vertebral fractures are much more common, hip fractures are the most devastating, with a 12 to 20% mortality rate in the first 4 to 6 months after fracture.2 Up to 25% of patients with hip fractures require long-term nursing care, and only one third of patients with hip fractures return to prefracture activity levels. Current estimates indicate that 10 million Americans already have the disease and an additional 18 million have osteopenia, putting them at risk of developing the disease. Of this at-risk population, 80% are women. However, 30% of hip fractures and 20% of vertebral fractures occur in men.1


Bone Mineral Density Vertebral Fracture Peak Bone Mass Bone Mineral Density Testing Indirect Decompression 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abraham M. Obuchowski
  • Aleksandar Curcin
  • John P. Kostuik

There are no affiliations available

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