Arteriovenous Malformations of the Brain

  • Pearse Morris


Arteriovenous Malformations of the brain are uncommon disorders with a prevalence of < 1%.1,2 The incidence of asymptomatic AVMs in autopsy series is very small, and therefore it can be assumed that most or virtually all AVMs become symptomatic during a lifetime. An increased prevalence of AVMs is seen in certain conditions such as hereditary he-morrhagic teleangiectasia.3 The morbidity and mor-tality associated with AVMs are primarily related to the propensity of these lesions to bleed sponta-neously into the brain parenchyma or into the sub-arachnoid space. Other epiphenomena related to AVMs such as deep or cortical venous hypertension, arterial steal, or hydrocephalus are usually of lesser importance. Approximately half of AVMs present with intracranial hemorrhage,4 with an initial mor-tality rate of approximately 10% and morbidity of 25% to 58%.5,6 However, the prospects for mean-ingful recovery following intracranial hemorrhage from an AVM seem better than those following in-tracranial hemorrhage from other causes such as aneurysmal rupture or hypertension.7


Arteriovenous Malformation Embolic Agent Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation Brain AVMs Brain Arteriovenous Malformation 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pearse Morris
    • 1
  1. 1.School of MedicineWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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