Ampulla of Vater
Summary of Changes
There is no longer a distinction between T3 and T4 on the basis of the depth of pancreatic invasion.
The stage grouping has been revised.
Stage I has been replaced with Stage IA and Stage IB.
Stage II has been replaced with Stage IIA and Stage IIB.
Node positive disease has been moved to Stage IIB to retain consistency with the staging of tumors of the bile duct and of the pancreas.
KeywordsCommon Bile Duct Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Papillary Carcinoma Small Cell Carcinoma Mucinous Adenocarcinoma
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bakkevold KE, Kambestad B: Staging of carcinoma of the pancreas and ampulla of Vater: tumor (T), lymph node (N), and distant metastasis (M) as prognostic factors. Int J Pan-creatol 17:249–259, 1995Google Scholar
- Cubilla AL, Fitzgerald PJ: Tumors of the exocrine pancreas. In Atlas of tumor pathology, 2nd series, fascicle 19, Washington, DC: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1984Google Scholar
- Dorandeau A, Raoul J-L, Sisiser F, Leclercq-Rioux N, et al: Carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater: prognostic factors after curative surgery: a series of 45 cases. Gut 40:350–355, 1997Google Scholar
- Monson JRT, Donohue JH, McEntee GP, et al: Radical resection for carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater. Arch Surg 126:353 – 357, 1991Google Scholar