PACS pp 123-160 | Cite as

Image Acquisition

  • Katherine P. Andriole


This chapter discusses in detail the digital acquisition of data from the various imaging modalities for input to a picture archiving and communication system (PACS). This includes essential features for successful clinical implementation, including conformance with the digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) standard, radiology information system-hospital information system (RIS-HIS) interfacing, and workflow integration. Image acquisition from the inherently digital cross-sectional modalities, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are reviewed, as well as digital acquisition of the conventional projection X-ray utilizing computed radiography (CR), digital radiography (DR), and film digitizers for digital acquisition of images already on film.


Compute Radiography Digital Radiography Radiology Information System Compute Radiography System Compute Radiography Image 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Agfa. The Highest Productivity in Computed Radiography. Agfa-Gevaert N.V. Report. Belgium 1994.Google Scholar
  2. Andriole KP et al. Analysis of a high-resolution computed radiography imaging plate versus conventional screen film radiography for neonatal intensive care unit applications. SPIE Physics of Medical Imaging 2163: 80–97, 1994.Google Scholar
  3. Andriole KP et al. Continuing quality improvement procedures for a clinical PACS. Journal of Digital Imaging, 11: 111–114, 1998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andriole KP. Anatomy of picture archiving and communication systems: Nuts and bolts—image acquisition: Getting digital images for imaging modalities. Journal of Digital Imaging, 12: 216–217, 1999a.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Andriole KP et al. PACS databases and enrichment of the folder manager concept. Journal of Digital Imaging, 12 (suppl 1): 216–217, 1999b.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Andriole KP. Computed Radiography Overview. In Practical Digital Imaging and PACS. Seibert JA, Filipow LJ, and Andriole KP (Eds.) Medical Physics Publishing, 1999c. Pp. 135–155.Google Scholar
  7. Barnes GT. Digital X-Ray Image Capture with Image Intensifier and Storage Phosphor Plates: Imaging Principles, Performance and Limitations. Proceedings of the AAPM 1993 Summer School: Digital Imaging. Monograph 22:23–48, University of Virginia. Charlottesville, VA 1993.Google Scholar
  8. Berg GE, Kaiser HF. The X-ray storage properties of the infra-red storage phosphor and application to radiography. Journal of Applied Physics 18: 343–347, 1947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bogucki TM, Trauernicht DP, Kocher TE. Characteristics of a Storage Phosphor System for Medical Imaging. Kodak Health Sciences Technical and Scientific Monograph, No. 6. Eastman Kodak Co. New York 1995.Google Scholar
  10. Gringold EL, Tucker DM, Barnes GT. Computed radiography: User programmable features and capabilities. Journal of Digital Imaging 7: 113–122, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Honeyman JC et al. PACS quality control and automatic problem notifier. SPIE Physics of Medical Imaging 3035: 396–404, 1997a.Google Scholar
  12. Honeyman JC, Staab EV. Operational concerns with PACS implementations. Applied Radiology, August: 13–16, 1997b.Google Scholar
  13. Ishida M. Fuji Computed Radiography Technical Review, No. 1. Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd., Tokyo 1993.Google Scholar
  14. Kodak. Digital Radiography Using Storage Phosphors. Kodak Health Sciences Technical and Scientific Monograph. Eastman Kodak Co., New York 1992.Google Scholar
  15. Kodak. Optimizing CR Images with Image Processing: Segmentation, Tone Scaling, Edge Enhancement. Kodak Health Sciences Technical and Scientific Monograph. Eastman Kodak. New York 1994.Google Scholar
  16. Kotera N et al. Method and Apparatus for Recording and Reproducing a Radiation Image. U.S. Patent 4,236,078. 1980.Google Scholar
  17. Lee DL, Cheung LK, Jeromin LS. A new digital detector for projection radiography. SPIE Physics of Medical Imaging. 2432: 237–249.Google Scholar
  18. Luckey G. Apparatus and Methods for Producing Images Corresponding to Patterns of High Energy Radiation. U.S. Patent 3,859,527. June 7, 1975. Revised No. 31847. March 12, 1985.Google Scholar
  19. Matsuda T et al. Fuji Computed Radiography Technical Review, No. 2. Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd., Tokyo 1993.Google Scholar
  20. Oestman JW et al. Hardware and software artifacts in storage phosphor radiography. Radio-Graphics. 11: 795–805, 1991.Google Scholar
  21. Ogawa E et al. Quantitative analysis of imaging performance for computed radiography systems. SPIE Physics of Medical Imaging. 2432: 421–431, 1995.Google Scholar
  22. Seibert JA. Photostimulable phosphor system acceptance testing. In Specification, Acceptance Testing and Quality Control of Diagnostic X-ray Imaging Equipment. Medical Physics Monograph No. 20. Seibert JA, Barnes GT, Gould RG (Eds.) AAPM. Woodbury, NY 1994. Pp. 771–800.Google Scholar
  23. Solomon SL et al. Artifacts in computed radiography. Ajr 157: 181–185, 1991.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Sonoda M et al. Computed radiography utilizing scanning laser stimulated luminescence. Radiology 148: 833–838, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Storto, ML et al. Portable Chest Imaging: Clinical Evaluation of a New Processing Algorithm in Digital Radiography. 81st Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America. Chicago, November 26—December 1, 1995.Google Scholar
  26. Volpe JP et al. Artifacts in chest radiography with a third-generation computed radiography system. Ajr 166: 653–657, 1996.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Vuylsteke P, Dewaele P, Schoeters E. Optimizing Radiography Imaging Performance. Proceedings of the 1997 AAPM Summer School. pp 107–151, 1997.Google Scholar
  28. Willis, CE et al. Objective measures of quality assurance in a computed radiography-based radiology department. SPIE Physics of Medical Imaging, 2432: 588–599; 1995.Google Scholar
  29. Wilson AJ, West OC. Single-exposure conventional and computed radiography: The hybrid cassette revisited. Investigative Radiology 28: 409–412, 1993.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine P. Andriole

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations