Time Division Duplex-CDMA

  • Masao Nakagawa
  • Riaz Esmailzadeh


The 3rd generation of mobile operations is underway, including FDD (Frequency Division Duplex) and TDD (Time Division Duplex) modes in wideband CDMA. This paper describes the features of TDD-CDMA including TDD Multi-Carrier systems.


Mobile Station Time Division Duplex Forward Link Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Reverse Link 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masao Nakagawa
    • 1
  • Riaz Esmailzadeh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Information and Computer ScienceKeio UniversityJapan
  2. 2.Genista Co. Ltd.Japan

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