Using Advanced Technology-Rich Models for Regional And Global Economic Analysis of GHG Mitigation

  • Richard Loulou
  • Amit Kanudia
Part of the Advances in Computational Management Science book series (AICM, volume 4)

Abstract

This article presents the case for a detailed regional analysis of the economic impacts of GHG control, via a set of inter-connected, long term, technology rich, integrated equilibrium models of the energy systems of the countries constituting a region of interest. The potential extension to global analysis is also examined. The article applies the proposed methodology to the region composed of Canada and the United States of America.

Keywords

Consumer Surplus Demand Curve Management Science Mitigation Scenario Economic Demand 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Altdorfer, F., (1981), “Introduction of Price Elasticities on Energy Demand in MARKAL”, Memorandum No 345, KFA, Julich.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Bahn, O., Barreto, L., Büeler, B., Kypreos, S., (1998), “A Multi-Regional Markal-Macro Model to Study an International Market of CO2 Emission Permits: A Detailed Analysis of a Burden Sharing Strategy among the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland”, PSI technical paper.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Bahn, O., Büeler, B., Kypreos, S. and Lüthi, H.-J., (1997), “Modelling an International Market of CO2 Emission Permits”, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland (to appear in the International Journal of Global Energy Issues, special issue on Knowledge and Decision Support Systems for Integrated Modelling in Energy Policies and Management, A. Gheorghe Editor).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Berger, C, Dubois, R., Haurie, A., Lessard, E., Loulou, R., and Waaub, J.-R, (1992), “Canadian MARKAL: An Advanced Linear Programming System for Energy and Environment Modelling”, IN-FOR, 20:114–125.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Bernard, J.-T., and Genest-Laplante, É., (1995), Les élasticités-prix et revenu des demandes sectorielles d’électricité au Québec: revue et analyse, GREEN, Department of Economics, University of Laval, Quebec, Canada.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Canadian Energy Research Institute, (1994), “MARKAL Model for Alberta”.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Edmonds, J., Pircher, H.M., Barns, D., Baron, R., and Wise, M.A., (1993), “Modeling Future GHG Emissions: The Second Generation Model Description”, in Modeling Global Change, United nations University Press, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Fishbone, L.G., and Abilock, H., (1981), “MARKAL, A Linear Programming Model for Energy Systems Analysis: Technical Description of the BNL Version”, International Journal of Energy Research, 5:353–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Goldstein, G., Kanudia, A., Loulou, R., Regemorter, D.V., Schaumann, P., and Tosato, G., (1998), “The New ETSAP Energy Planning Modelling Framework,” Working paper prepared for the joint FORUM/ETSAP workshop, 6–7 May 1998, Berlin.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Goldstein, G., Greening, L., and ETSAP Partners, (1999), “Energy Planning and the Development of Carbon Mitigation Strategies: Using the MARKAL Family of Models”, Technical paper, International Resources Group, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Hogan, W.W., (1975), “Energy Policy Models for Project Indepen­dence”, Computers and Operations Research, 2:251–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Kanudia, A., and Loulou, R., (1998), “Robust Responses to Climate Change via Stochastic MARKAL: The case of Québec”, European Journal of Operations Research, 106:15–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Kanudia A., and Loulou R., (1998), :“Joint Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Results from a Central Canada-India Case Study”, GERAD discussion paper G-98–40. Submitted to Energy Policy.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Kanudia, A., and Loulou, R., (1999), “Advanced Bottom-Up Mod­elling for National and Regional Energy Planning in Response to Climate Change”, International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 12(2/3):191–216.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Loulou, R., and Kanudia, A., (1999), “Minimax Regret Strategies for Greenhouse Gas Abatement: Methodology and Application”, Operations Research Letters, 25:219–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Loulou, R., and Kanudia, A., (1999), “The Kyoto Protocol, Inter-Provincial Cooperation, and Energy Trading: A Systems Analysis with Integrated MARKAL Models”, Energy Studies Review, 9(1):1–23Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Loulou, R., Kanudia, A., and Lavigne, D., (1998), “GHG Abatement in Central Canada with Inter-Provincial Cooperation”, Energy Studies Review, 8(2): 120–129 (this volume was published with 1996 as year of issue, but appeared in January 1998).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Loulou, R., and Lavigne, D., (1996), “MARKAL Model with Elastic Demands: Application to GHG Emission Control”, in Operations Research and Environmental Engineering, C. Carraro and A. Haurie eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London, 1996, pp. 201–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Manne, A., Mendelsohn, R., and Richels, R., (1995), “MERGE: a Model for Evaluating Regional and Global Effects of GHG Reduction Policies”, Energy Policy, 23(l):17–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Manne, A.S. and Wene, C.-O., (1992), “MARKAL-MACRO: A Linked Model for Energy-Economy Analysis,” BNL-47161 report, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Messner, S. and Strubegger, M., (1995), User’s Guide for MESSAGE III, WP-95–69, IIASA, Luxembourg, Austria.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Natural Resources Canada, “Energy Outlook to 2020”, 1997 revision.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Scheper, E., and Kram, T., (1994), “Comparing MARKAL and MARKAL-MACRO for the Netherlands”, ECN Policy Studies, Pet-ten, The Netherlands, presented at the May 1994 meeting of ETSAP.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Takayama, T., and Judge G.G., (1971), Spatial and Temporal Price and Allocation Models, North Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Tosato, G.C., (1980), “Extreme Scenarios in MARKAL LP Model: Use of Demand Elasticity”, presented at the 5th Italian-Polish Symposium on Applications of Systems Theory to Economics and Tech­nology, Torun, June 11–16 1980.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Van Regemorter, D., and Goldstein, G., (1998), “Development of MARKAL-Toward a Partial Equilibrium Model”, ETSAP Technical Paper.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Loulou
  • Amit Kanudia

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations